Current and silt measurements in Sloehaven and Braakmanhaven
Data processing and analyses
The Sloehaven near Vlissingen and the Braakmanhaven near Terneuzen are subject to severe siltation. Zeeland Seaports, the port authority of both harbours, aims to reduce the siltation. For the development of a suitable intervention or strategy, it is indispensible to have insight into the mechanisms behind the siltation transport processes. To gain this insight, Svašek Hydraulics has performed a survey campaign for both harbours.
The campaign consists of:
- 13-hours sailing current measurements with a vessel-mounted AWAC in order to gain insight into the current patterns and the vertical structure of the currents;
- Turbidity measurements with a vessel-mounted Optical Backscatter Sensor (OBS) and water sampling, in order to determine the vertical profiles of the silt concentration;
- Grab samples with which the grain size distributions of sediment on the bed is determined.
In both harbours measurements have been conducted during a spring and during a neap tide. The obtained data has resulted in good insight into the current patterns and associated silt transport. An unexpected 3D flow phenomenon has been identified. Furthermore, the survey data has been used to validate the FINEL2D and 3D models of the Western Scheldt. Both models will, in a later stage of the project, be used to investigate the effects of potential interventions to reduce the siltation in the harbours.